Bitcoin Halving

VeradiVerdict - Issue #84

Paul Veradittakit

May 11

Today marks a much anticipated moment for Bitcoin enthusiasts, as the Bitcoin rewards for mining gets cut in half. In the past and even this past week, there was a rise in Bitcoin price and much volatility leading to and around the halving block. It’s quite fascinating to monitor the markets during this time and is another milestone in Bitcoin’s history.

Pantera thought it was be great to celebrate Bitcoin halving with a discussion with some of the earliest and most influential entrepreneurs in our ecosystem, Jeremy Allaire of Circle (leading the charge in USDC adoption) and Jesse Powell of Kraken (one of the largest US-based exchanges). This will happen on this Tuesday at 9am PDT.

Register here

What is BTC Halving?

The first ever Bitcoin Halving took place at the end of November 2012. Every four years (or after about 210,000 new blocks are mined), the reward given to Bitcoin miners for processing transactions decays in half, and the event is dubbed as the halving. The Bitcoin reward in the 2009 was 50 coins, after the first halving it was 25, then 12.5. Starting today, the reward of 12.5 Bitcoin will be cut in half to 6.25 Bitcoin.

Imagine an asset’s supply is cut in half every 4 years, and its value is based on scarcity. Then halving of its output will theoretically drive its price higher. The finite supply of 21 million unreleased Bitcoin is decreasing with advancing mining technology and increased number of miners. Today about 86% of the final supply has been mined, and halving will control the rate at which new Bitcoin is released into circulation.

Why is it so significant?

Historically, the Bitcoin Halvings have propelled Bitcoin into new bull markets, and the first and second halving followed 5x and 10.5x growth respectively. After both halving events, Bitcoin’s price never went below its value before the halving events took place.

In inflationary terms, this will decrease the inflation rate of Bitcoin from roughly 3.6% to 1.79%, a rate lower than USD and similar to gold. It will contribute to its narrative as a new store of value and control the Bitcoin supply.

We can identify similarities between the second halving and the one we are currently in. Bitcoin has taken over 260 days to rally over 340% since its $3,152 bottom in December 2018, and its price bottomed approximately 519 days before the third halving. Back in 2012, Bitcoin bottomed for 544 days before its second halving, and rallied over 388% to reach its pre-halving top.

But a difference to be considered is the maturity of trading system today. It is very easy to trade Bitcoins and crypto margins now than in 2016, and this type of exposure did not exist back in 2012.


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